By the mid 1980�s, the objectives for urban planning has shifted more from planning for car usage and urban growth to planning for car management and reconfiguration of urban communities and industry. Accessibility and accessibility based sketch models became a potential �centre stage� contributor, with the classic four step transport model lowered in its predominance
Macro level application has taken a central role where the restructuring of countries and regions is taking place, as can been seen in the European Union. Questions of economic and social cohesion and regional competitiveness are seen to be a highly important focus for these communities.
Accessibility has more recently been applied in a qualitative way to defining objectives and frameworks of integrated transport strategies, at all levels of government. In some cases it is used to construct a picture of the city structure to form a fully formed vision of where the transport strategies and programs need to head.