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Guided Transport


Individually controlled, non-contact, conventional technology electromagnets located in the vehicle undercarriage attract themselves up to ferromagnetic reaction rails (stator packs) attached to the underside of the guideway. Individually controlled, non-contact, conventional technology electromagnets work together with the guidance rails to hold the Maglev vehicle laterally on course.
The individual levitation and guidance magnets are grouped together and mounted continuously with two degrees of freedom, on both sides along the entire length of the vehicle.
A highly reliable, redundantly laid out, electronic control system ensures that the vehicle levitates at a constant gap of approximately 12 mm from the guideway (exact distance varies with vehicle speed).

A distance of approximately 150 mm between the guideway deck plate and the underside of the levitating vehicle allows the vehicle to pass over small obstacles on the guideway without incident.
Linear generators integrated into the levitation magnets supply energy, without physical contact, to the levitation and guidance magnets as well as for on-board power. In this way, overhead wires are not required for the system. On-board aircraft-style batteries, also charged via the linear generators, provide backup power for vehicle levitation, guidance and passenger comfort functions (lighting, ventilation) and allow the vehicle to always brake to a safe, controlled stop in the event of a propulsion system or power failure.
At speeds below 80 km/h, vehicle power is supplied by the on-board batteries, while at higher speeds enough power is generated by the linear generators to cover both vehicle requirements and battery charging. When the train is sitting at a station, power pick-ups swing down to connect to guideway power rails to recharge the vehicle batteries.




As with all operation-critical Transrapid systems, sufficient redundancy is built into the levitation and guidance systems, on-board power supply, battery and linear generator systems to ensure proper operation under all conceivable conditions.
Maglev's greatest strength as a transportation system, is its ability to draw together centres that are far apart in terms of distance or congestion.
The experience of the Japanese and Europeans with high speed train systems, has proven that by significantly closing the time distance between centres of economic activity, it is possible to meld together their economies and communities, thus producing a much stronger entity. Experience has shown that the shorter the trip time, the greater the benefit of this melding.
Maglev's short trip times result from its ability to operate at speeds up to 500 km/h in open country and 270 km/h in the suburbs, within existing noise limits. The short trip times described in this study can open up a wide range of urban and regional development opportunities, that would otherwise be unavailable.

No other high speed train system can make frequent stops to service urban demand, and yet still achieve very short overall trip times.
Maglev's shortest possible trip times, particularly in the urban context, can produce the greatest possible social and economic benefits to the Illawarra, Greater Sydney, the Central Coast and the Newcastle region.
Maglev's performance characteristics also enable the urban projects for Sydney and Melbourne to be the first increments of a major project to eventually link Sydney and Melbourne.  Maglev is the only system that can offer Sydney - Melbourne trip times to rival air travel.

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